Mat.No. 1.2343 Mod., DIN X38CrMoV51 Mod., AISI H11 Mod

Mat.No. 1.2343 Mod., DIN X38CrMoV51 Mod., AISI H11 Mod

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Designation by Standards Mat. No. DIN EN AISI 1.2343 Mod. X38CrMoV51 Mod. X38CrMoV51 Mod. H11 Mod. Chemical Composition (in weight %) C Si Mn Cr Mo Ni V W Others 0.36 0.20 0.30 5.00 1.35 - 0.45 - - Description RAVNEX is supreme steel grade in the group of hot work tool steels. Special production methods ensure optimal parameters in all phases of steelmaking, providing this steel grade with supreme characteristics resulting in a higher tool durability. This steel incorporates t...


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  • Port: Shenzhen
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    Designation by Standards

    Mat. No. DIN EN AISI
    1.2343 Mod. X38CrMoV51 Mod. X38CrMoV51 Mod. H11 Mod.

    Chemical Composition (in weight %)

    C Si Mn Cr Mo Ni V W Others
    0.36 0.20 0.30 5.00 1.35 - 0.45 - -

    Description
    RAVNEX is supreme steel grade in the group of hot work tool steels. Special production methods ensure optimal parameters in all phases of steelmaking, providing this steel grade with supreme characteristics resulting in a higher tool durability. This steel incorporates the knowledge and experience of many generations of tool steel specialists. 

    Applications
    Above all, the RAVNEX grade is designed for die casting of light metals and alloys (aluminium and aluminium alloys), for die forging of steel and non-ferous metals (e.g. cupper) and their alloys, for extrusion of tubes, barrels and sections made of light metals and alloys, for casting and processing of various plastics, and for glass processing. Characterics: Excellent homogeneity, high cleanliness, high level of isotrophy, good workability, high impact toughness, good polishability. Advantages: Lower cost due to: Higher tool life, lower tool wear, less tool repair, less tool changes and consistent heat treatment results. 

    Physical properties (avarage values) at ambient temperature
    Modulus of elasticity [103 x N/mm2]: Approx. 215 
    Density [g/cm3]: 7.85, 7.69 (500oC), 7.65 (600oC) 
    Electric resistivity [Ohm mm2/m]: Apprx. 0.50
    Specific heat capacity[J/g.K]: Approx. 0.46
    Transformation points: Ac1=805oC, Ac3=880oC

    Thermal Conductivity [W/m.K] vs. Temperature

    100oC 200oC 300oC 400oC 500oC 600oC 700oC
    28.4 29.7 30.2 30.1 30.0 29.7 30.0

    Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion 10-6 oC-1

    20-100oC 20-200oC 20-300oC 20-400oC 20-500oC 20-600oC 20-700oC 20-800oC
    11.9 12.4 12.8 13.2 13.6 14.2 14.4 14.4

    Continuous Cooling Transformation (CCT) Diagram


    Click the image to enlarge the diagram.

    Soft Annealing
    Heat to 800-850oC/ min. 4 hours at temperature then cool slowly in furnace. This will produce a maximum Brinell hardness of 209 HB.

    Stress Relieving
    Stress relieving to remove machining stresses should be carried out by heating to approx. 600-650oC, holding for 3 hours at temperature, followed by slow cooling in furnace. This operation is performed to reduce distortion during heat treatment and to reduce stress after machining of tools prior to final heat treatemnt of tools.

    Hardening
    Harden from a temperature of 980-1000oC/ 30 minutes at temperature, followed by oil, thermal bath, air, vacuum and protective atmosphere quenching.

    Tempering
    1st tempering: 20-30oC over secondary peak in the tempering diagram.
    2nd tempering: Tempering to a working hardness of tool.
    Recommendation: 3rd tempering from 20-50oC down to bellow the temperature of 2nd tempering.
    Tempering: Slow heating up to tempering temperature is recommended, tempering tims: min. 2 hours and/or 1 hour for 20-25 mm thickness fo tool.

    Tempering Temperature (oC) vs. Hardness (HRC)

    100oC 200oC 300oC 400oC 500oC 550oC 600oC 650oC
    54 53 52 51.5 52 52 47 38

    Tempering Diagram


    Click the image to enlarge the diagram.

    General Diagram of Heat Treatment

    Microstructure
    When annealed, the RAVNEX microstructure consists of equally distributed secondary carbides in the form of globules in a ferritic base along the whole section. To achieve such microstructure in an annealed condition, special advanced metallurgical methods are carried out in all phases of steel production. When annealed, hardness ranges between 170 and 209 HB. RAVNEX provides a uniform hardness and toughness along the entire tool cross-section. This is achieved with a uniform distribution of secondary carbides in steel, even after hardening and tempering.


    Microstructure of annealed RAVNEX steel,
    SEP 1614:1916, Mag. 500X.

    Purity of steel RAVNEX
    In comparison with a standard steel grade, RAVNEX provides a high level of cleanliness. According to standard DIN 50602, the required K1 cleanliness is maximum of 15.


    Cleanliness of steel RAVNEX according to DIN 5062.

    Mechanical Properties
    Impact Toughness (KV) vs. Hardness


    A Comparison of Impact Toughness (Standard Steel Grade) vs. RAVNEX


    Note: Accoridng to SEP 1314: 1996, hardened and tempered: 43-46 HRC,
    forging core, transverse section. 

    Tempering Diagram and Impact Toughness


    Note: Impact test pieces (KV and KU) are cut out of the core in transverse section
    of the forging. Heat treatment: Temperature of hardening: 1000oC/oil and double
    tempering 2 hours each in a temperature interval of 100oC to 650oC. EN 10045:-1,
    temperature of testing: 20oC. 

    Diagram of Impact Toughness (KU) vs. Temperature


    Note: EN 10045:-1, temperature of testing: 20oC. 

    Diagram of Impact Toughness (KV) vs. Temperatures


    Note: Impact test pieces (KV and KU) are cut out of the core in transverse
    section of the forging. Heat treatment: Temperature of hardening: 1000oC/oil
    and double tempering to the hardness of 45 +/- HRC. 

    Forging
    Hot forming temperature: Please ask. 

    Machinability
    Please see the section bellow.

    Nitriding
    RAVNEX is suitable for nitriding and nitrocarburizing. Surface hardness over 1000 HV0.3can be achieved by gas, plasma, or salt processes. Nitriding must be performed 20-50oC below a previous tempering temperature, depending on the process time and temperature, to avoid loss of hardness, strength, and dimensional changes of the workpiece. Essential benefits of a hard nitrided or nitroCarburizingd surface lie in an improved.

    Welding
    RAVNEX can be welded successfully by the MMA or GTA welding process, provided that proper precautions are taken before, during, and after welding. Laser weld repair of smaller cracks and edges is recommended to minimize negative effects of high residual stresses in weldments and heat affected zones. GTA welding is generally performed using AISI H11 consumables. Proper weld preparation is crucial; cracks are ground out to sound steel, correct joint slope and bottom radius shall be considered. Welding can be performed in soft annealed or hardened and tempered condition. In both cases, a preheat to 350oC is recommended. This temperature is to be maintained throughout welding. After welding, soft annealed or hardened and tempered parts are slowly cooled down to between 70 and 100oC, then soft annealed or tempered 20oC below the last tempering temperature.

    Dimensional Changes During Hardening
    Temperature gradients in a workpiece during quenching often cause high stresses which cause distortion. Stress relief annealing between rough and semi-finish machining prior to hardening is recommended to limit distortion during quenching. Minimum machining allowance to account for Ravnex distortion during a correctly performed rapid quench is 0.4% of the characteristic workpiece dimension, provided that stress relief annealing has been performed.

    Electrical Discharge Machnining
    Surfaces which are subjected to the Electrical Discharge Machnining (EDM) process must be ground or blanched ground to remove the brittle, resolidified surface layer. In addition, the material subjected to EDM must be tempered about 20oC bellow the previous tempering temperature to give a temper to the rehardened and untempered layer underneath. Both layers are very brittle and such detrimental to die performance.

    Aluminium Die Casting Tool Life

    Maximum results are achieved when steel producers, tool producers and product producers combine their knowledge and experience. Tehnical support from production combined with sales expertise is required to service these products. We offer a vast knowledge in the production of hot work tool steels.


    Comparison of die casting cycle numbers between RAVNEX and competitive
    steel grades. 

    Forms manufactured: Please see the  Dimensional Sales Program.

    Disclaimer
    The information and data presented herein are typical or average values and are not a guarantee of maximum or minimum values. Applications specifically suggested for material described herein are made solely for the purpose of illustration to enable the reader to make his own evaluation and are not intended as warranties, either express or implied, of fitness for these or other puposes. There is no representation that the recipient of this literature will receive updated editions as the become available.

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